i built my deck on posts. it is not attached to the house but is right up to it. guy at the building dept told me they are really supposed to be attached to the house. didn't say i had to attach it.
place the batter boards beyond the corners of your planned area. tie strings to them marking the outer edges of your deck. next to the house, drive stakes as close to the house as possible and tie strings to them.
how to attach a deck to a brick sill. when building a deck that attaches to the house, the first step is installing a ledger board for attaching the deck joists. after the posts and girders are installed, one end of each joist attaches at joist hangers and the outer portions attach atop the girders, forming the deck's framework.
a free-standing deck needs a beam, support posts and footings along both the outside and the house side. often, those footings near the house will have to be dug to the depth of the house foundation footings to reach undisturbed earth.
for more information on freestanding and attached decks, visit: solutions.dunnlumber.com/proj ron spillers of west coast decks talks about the differences
how to build freestanding decks. when building a deck attached to your house a board, called a ledger board, is attached to the the house to hold up one side of the deck. this board needs to be flashed properly to prevent water from entering the house.
the truth is it can be done in both ways, starting at the house or at the edge of the deck working back to the house. however in either case you will likely have to cut the last board to width to fit. if you start at the house you could end up with a very narrow board at the end. also this may not look very nice at all.
builders like doing it this way because as long as the footings are good the deck should generally stay where it is compared to the house for a few years. also what do you do if your deck is slanted 5 degrees or is pulled out from your house an inch or two.
forming footings. after you have the dimensions of your deck laid out, you're ready to start forming the footings and layering a protective barrier. the footing will set a strong, safe foundation for your freestanding deck while the layers of sheeting and rocks beneath your deck will stunt the growth of unwelcome weeds.
building a deck can add to the monetary value of your home as well as to your enjoyment of it, whether you host parties or sample the beauty of nature from it. building your deck requires work and planning, but a properly planned and built deck can be an asset you can enjoy for years. here are the steps to take when planning and building your deck.
editors note: we are walking through this deck build chronologically, but stair stringer trim is best left after the treads, risers and stair guards have been installed. pvc is easy to cut, so a jigsaw makes short work of cutting out the stringer trim. step 11: add stair treads and risers
due to flood plain regulations, the deck cannot be attached to the house-- it has to be free-floating. bob helps the contractors set up the posts and joists, and assists in laying down the tongue
however, if the piers are in a backfill region, as is the case with piers nearest the house on a freestanding deck, the footing depth may have to be as deep as 10 ft. to reach undisturbed soil and to comply with code.
next, using bright spray paint and little orange flags, they mark the ground to represent the deck's four corners and midpoints. these markings indicate the placement of the deck's eight concrete support posts, called caissons.
these decks can be built freestanding using an additional beam and posts situated next to the house wall. it is important that these frost footings are installed on top of compacted soil to prevent them from sinking. many new houses have unsettled soil surrounding the house foundation that was backfilled during construction.